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Mount Merapi

23 Januari 2019 22:35:32 / / Hits : 2709 / Posted by Administrator

Mount Merapi

Mount Merapi

 

Mount Merapi (Gunung Merapi, 2,911 m) is a volcano in Central Java, looming over the cities of Yogyakarta and Solo (Surakarta).

Literally "Fiery Mountain", Mount Merapi is the most active volcano in all Indonesia — no mean feat — and it has erupted at least 68 times since 1548. The volcano is thought to be largely responsible for the downfall of the Central Javanese Hindu Mataram kingdom in 1006 and the desertion of the huge temple complex at nearby Prambanan.

 

Recent eruptions include 1994 (64 killed), 2006 (there were no immediate deaths, but a prelude to an earthquake that killed over 5,000) and 2010 (30 dead).

 

Anyone thinking of climbing the mountain must first check if it is safe to do so. While climbing the mountain with a qualified guide is recommended it is not necessary or mandatory (locals will tell you otherwise in the interest of a quick buck) as the tracks to the summit are wide and clearly marked.

 

Get in

There are more than three different routes to access Mount Merapi, however recent eruptions and the tendencies of the lahars, ash clouds, and other hazards has favoured the northern access point from Selo which lies between Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu.

 

Selo

Selo is the last village on the way to Merapi. A Car Hire from Yogyakarta airport to Selo and back will cost you around Rp 1,300,000. Most of the drivers will happily wait for you while you climb Merapi and will take you back to your hotel.

We offer the Hard Trekking Merapi via Selo Village

Kaliurang

Due to the eruptions of the last 20 years producing hot gases and eruptive materials in a more southward direction, Kaliurang is not the popular point of access it was in the 1970s and 1980s. In that era, Vogels homestay in Kaliurang was legendary for its hospitality and connection with walking up the southern slope to the peak. In the 1990s and 2000s Kaliurang has varied between being a part of a prohibited zone designated by government officials and not a very safe place to visit. 

We offer the Soft Trekking Merapi via Kaliurang


Other routes

Volcanology Observation posts existed in Dutch colonial times at Babadan (north-west slope) and more recently Plawangan (between Merapi and Kaliurang) - in most cases walking trails from the observation posts existed in the past. However due to the last 4 or 5 major eruptions, these points of access need clarification. Old guide books in the 1960s and 1970s had regular references to Kaliurang based guides. We offer the Soft Trekking Merapi via Kaliurang

 

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Get around

There are a few ojeks (motorcycle taxis) offering informal transport around the area.

 

In the villages around the base of Merapi, almost any vehicle you see on the road is a potential lift (for cash), so don’t be shy.

 

See & Do

 

View from Mt Merbabu

Climbing Merapi[edit]

Trekking on and around Merapi is a popular activity (at least when the volcano isn’t spewing out hot gas and ash). From Selo, the nearest village on the north slope, it is 3 hr hike to the summit for the fit and healthy. For others it will take 4+ hr to climb, and nearly the same time to get back down again.

 

Carry a small pack with some food, a good flash light, with spare batteries (available for purchase in Selo village), and at least 2.5 litres of water per person.

 

The track to the top is a reasonable grade and is clearly defined and easy to follow. Once through the tree line the track is less defined and the final climb to the summit (after the memorial plaque) is a very steep scramble over loose and broken rock. While not in itself dangerous, do take your time on the last section.

 

Most climbers start at about 13:00 to be sure of reaching the summit by sunrise at 05:30. Night climbing is wise in any case, as the upper reaches of the mountain are completely treeless and the sun can fry you to a crisp. The sunrise views across East Java are quite stunning.

 

Pay attention also on the way back, since the trail is extremely slippery and it’s easy to fall down.

 

 

Other

The less active should not feel left out as there are far less strenuous treks around the base of the mountain. Ask around in Selo.

 

Depending on the state of volcanic activity you may be able to witness molten lava flows way down the slopes of the mountain. Take local advice.

Buy

A signboard at the entrance of the Merapi Plateau reads: "Leave nothing but tracks, take nothing but photographs"

Eat

Selo and the surrounding area has plenty of Warungs and Bakso carts serving delicious Indonesian Street food at very cheap prices. You will not find any upscale restaurants.

Drink

Nothing except the local stuff. Carry your own bottles, at least 2.5 liters of water, since there are no sources on the way.

Sleep

Camping

There are no explicit rules which prohibit camping on and around the mountain. You will need to bring in all your own equipment and you must keep yourself fully briefed with the latest safety reports. Also make sure you bring in enough water, as the springs and streams on the mountain are very sulphurous.

 

Stay

It is hard to think of many more dangerous volcanoes anywhere in the world. Always heed local advice from a guide, and it pays to check the bulletins at the Smithsonian Global Vulcansim Program and the Indonesian Geological Survey (in Indonesian).

Tags : merapi sunrise, climbing merapi, trekking merapi



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